Before the independence of India, khadi was considered to be the fabric for the rural people and the political leaders. But now it has secured its place in the wardrobe of fashionable people also. The current scenario is that the demand for khadi has surpassed its supply.


‘Khadi’ is the Sanskrit word, which means “cotton”, which refers to any handspun cloth.


Khadi is also known as Khaddar. This fabric has a coarse texture thus it easily gets crumpled. The starch is used to keep the khadi fabric stiff.

The quality and the look of the khadi fabric, better it becomes. Normally, khadi kurta is the most famous khadi product but nowadays, designers make very beautiful and attractive clothes by doing handwork on the garments made from Khadi.

The process of making khadi clothes involves spinning of thread on the Charkha. Generally, women and girls do the khadi spinning part, while the men do the weaving of the khadi cloth.


Before the independence of India, in 1918, movement of khadi manufacturing gained momentum, under the guidance of, Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation.

According to the khadi movement,

  • Every village should plant and harvest raw materials for yarn.
  • Every man and woman should engage in the spinning and weaving process of the khadi cloth.
  • Every village should weave the khadi cloth needed for its own use.
  • Every person should spin at least one hour a day as a sacrifice towards his or her own country.

This movement encouraged Indians to manufacture khadi and also wearing them instead of wearing the clothes that were manufactured in foreign countries.

The khadi movement was initiated for discouraging the usage of the clothes that were manufactured in foreign countries.

After the independence of India, the khadi movement continued and All India Khadi and Village Industries Board was formed, which was further led to the formation of Khadi, Village and Industries Commission.

Khadi, village and industries commission is responsible for the planning, promotion, organization as well as the implementation of various programs for the development of khadi and other village industries in the rural parts of India, by collaborating with other agencies working in the field of rural development wherever required.


In many parts of India, even in these modern times, farmers don’t have enough work throughout the year to earn, to at least earn their living. The poor farmers are idle at least four months of the year, due to the rainless dry season.

The spinning and making of khadi cloth is the easiest occupation for such poor farmers.

The process of spinning and weaving the khadi fabric can be easily learned. And the farmers can start earning without making much investment.


In earlier days, only khadi cotton was available. However, nowadays many varieties of khadi are available khadi silk and khadi cotton. Khadi wool is being newly introduced in the Indian markets.



Khadi is one of the most versatile fabrics. It can be comfortably worn throughout the year in all the weathers, be it summer or winter.

Khadi has its own unique property, by which it becomes warm in winters and cool in summers.


Khadi fabric is very skin-friendly for, as it does not cause any sort of allergy or irritation to your skin; unlike the synthetic fabrics.


All the khadi dyes are hand made and even the khadi fabric is weaved using hands; each khadi product is unique and has its own specific style and finish.


The loom that is used in the making of khadi fabric combines the different threads in such a way the fabric allows maximum air to permeate through it.

This gives the khadi clothes its own soothing quality, especially in summers.


Khadi clothes are highly durable and thus cost-effective choice.


The making of khadi is eco-friendly, as it does not rely on any electric unit and manufacturing processes.

Therefore one can conclude that Khadi is rightfully called the fabric of India, as it has social, economic and historical importance for India.